Placement of students in the best available professional and educational programs suitable to students’ personality, aptitude, intellectual capacity and demand in the world of work is prime aim of Placement Services. Placement Cell carries out psychometric assessments of students through standardized tests to assess aptitude, intellectual capacity and personality vis-a-vis available market avenues. The data taken through the psychometrics and academics of students lead us to place students in the best possible subject combination, institution and organization.
Objectives of Placement Services
- Provision of real time experience of working environment through job shadowing either by visiting physically or cyber shadowing.
- Facilitation to students in educational achievements by helping them to enroll in higher education.
- Provide information and also make the practice of the latest IT equipment to enhance their professional skills.
- Career development of students with positive attitude building about available professions and occupations.
- Provide information to students assuring financial self-sufficiency in shortest possible time.
- Guide students to apply online/offline in colleges, universities and organizations.
- Empower students to design professional resume/CV (Curriculum Vitae).
- Prepare students for appearing in admission tests at main stream educational colleges/universities, professional institutions, induction to armed forces, entry tests (MDCAT/ETEA) and interviews.
- Equip students with skills to meet variety of career development challenges.
- Placing students in professional institutions/organizations i.e. armed forces, engineering & medical universities, main-stream educational universities & colleges as well as vocational institutions for skills building.
- Articulating aspirants for Inter Services Selection Board (ISSB) assessment.
Career planning emphasizes the assessment of aptitude, intelligence quotient (IQ), personality type and emotional intelligence level as well as personal, social and professional values of students known as self-exploration. The process of self-exploration is helpful to take informed career decision and realistic picture of applicability of skills helping in achieving career goals.
A group of professionals working for common cause after getting specific education and required training.
Occupation is a group of tasks performed to achieve specific objective.
A homogeneous task performed by an employee in exchange for pay is called job. Job consists of duties and responsibilities that are defined, measurable and accomplishable within the defined time/tenure.
Available Professions & Occupations in Pakistan
- Architecture & Engineering
- Arts & Design
- Building & Grounds Cleaning
- Business & Financial
- Community & Social Service
- Computer & Information Technology
- Construction & Extraction
- Education, Training & Library
- Sports & Entertainment
- Farming, Fishing & Forestry
- Food Preparation & Serving
- Installation, Maintenance & Repair
- Law & Justice
- Life, Physical & Social Science
- Business Management & Administration
- Media & Communication
- Office & Administrative Support
- Personal Care & Service
- Protective Service
- Sales & Marketing
- Logistics & Transportation
- Architecting & Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering & Operations Technician
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians operate and maintain equipment used in developing, testing and producing new aircraft and spacecraft. Increasingly, these workers are using computer-based modeling and simulation tools and processes in their work. Associate degree is required to be aerospace engineering & operations technician and initial salary can be within the range 40-50 thousand rupees.
- Aerospace Engineer
Aerospace engineers design aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. In addition, they test prototypes to make sure that they function according to design. Bachelor degree is required to start the career as aerospace engineer and withdrawn salary may be 70-80 thousand rupees.
- Agricultural Engineer
Agricultural engineer also known as biological and agricultural engineers work on a variety of activities. These activities range from aquaculture (raising food, such as fish, that thrive in water) to land farming to forestry, from developing bio-fuels to improving conservation and from planning animal environments to finding better ways to process food. Bachelor degree in agricultural sciences is required to join the field of agrisciences while rupees 60-70 thousand may be initial salary package in Pakistan.
Architects plan and design houses, office buildings and other structures. Usually it requires bachelor degree in architect to start professional career and salary starts from rupees 60 thousand.
- Biomedical Engineer
Biomedical engineers analyze and design solutions to problems in biology and medicine, with the goal of improving the quality and effectiveness of patient care. Bachelor degree in biomedical sciences requires for being biomedical engineer and initial salary package ranges from 60-70 thousand rupees.
- Cartographers and Photogrammetrist
Cartographers and photogrammetrists collect, measure and interpret geographic information to create maps and charts for political, educational, and other purposes. A degree in geology engineering is required and salary package may be rupees 50-60 thousand.
- Chemical Engineer
Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics and math to solve problems that involve the production or use of chemicals, fuel, drugs, food and many other products. They design processes and equipment for large-scale safe and sustainable manufacturing, plan and test methods of manufacturing products and treating byproducts, and supervise production. A BS degree in chemical science is required to be chemical engineer and rupees 60-70 thousand can be withdrawn as salary initially.
- Civil Engineering Technician
Civil engineering technicians help civil engineers plan and design the construction of highways, bridges, utilities, and other major infrastructure projects. They also help with commercial, residential, and land development. Civil engineering technicians work under the direction of licensed civil engineers. An associate degree requires for being civil engineering technician and salary ranges from 30-40 thousand.
- Civil Engineer
Civil engineers design, construct, supervise, operate, and maintain large construction projects and systems, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges and systems for water supply as well as sewage treatment. A specialized degree in civil engineering is required to be civil engineer. The salary ranges from 70-80 thousand rupees.
- Computer Hardware Engineer
Computer hardware engineer researches, designs, develops and tests computer systems and components such as processors, circuit boards, memory devices, networks and routers. By creating new directions in computer hardware, these engineers create rapid advances in computer technology. A bachelor degree in computer sciences is required to be computer hardware engineer and it may have salary package from 40-50 thousand rupees.
Drafters use software to convert the designs of engineers and architects into technical drawings and plans. Workers specialize in architectural, civil, electrical, or mechanical drafting and use technical drawings to help design everything from microchips to skyscrapers. An associate degree in civil engineering requires to be a drafter and monthly salary package ranges from 30 to 40 thousand.
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technician
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians help engineers design and develop computers, communications equipment, medical monitoring devices, navigational equipment, and other electrical and electronic equipment. They often work in product evaluation and testing, using measuring and diagnostic devices to adjust, test and repair equipment. An associate degree in electrical engineering requires to be a drafter and monthly salary package ranges from 30 to 40 thousand.
- Electrical and Electronics Engineer
Electrical engineers design, develop, test and supervise manufacturing of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, and power generation equipment. Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS). Bachelor degree in electrical engineering is required for being electrical engineer who may be withdrawn salary package ranges from 60-70 thousand rupees.
- Electro-Mechanical Technician
Electro-mechanical technicians combine knowledge of mechanical technology with knowledge of electrical and electronic circuits. They install, troubleshoot, repair and upgrade electronic as well as computer-controlled mechanical systems, such as robotic assembly machines. A bachelor degree in electro-mechanical engineering is required. The salary package may range from 40-50 thousand rupees.
- Environmental Engineering Technician
Environmental engineering technicians carry out the plans that environmental engineers develop. They test, operate, and, if necessary, modify equipment used to prevent or clean up environmental pollution. They may collect samples for testing or they may work to mitigate sources of environmental pollution. A bachelor degree in environmental sciences/engineering is required for being environmental engineer. The salary ranges from 30-40 thousand.
- Environmental Engineer
Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They are involved in efforts to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health and water as well as air pollution control. Bachelor/professional degree in environmental engineering is required to be environmental engineer. The salary package ranges from 60-70 thousand rupees.
- Health & Safety Engineer
Health & safety engineers develop procedures and design systems to prevent people from getting sick or injured and to keep property from being damaged. They combine knowledge of systems engineering and of health & safety to make sure that chemicals, machinery, software, furniture and other consumer products will not cause harm to people or buildings. They require a professional degree in engineering along with specialization in thematic development of hospital/healthcare set up and draw almost Rs. 80-90 thousand as salary package.
- Industrial Engineering Technician
Industrial engineering technicians help industrial engineers implement designs to effectively use personnel, materials and machines in factories, stores, healthcare organizations, repair shops and offices. They prepare machinery and equipment layouts, plan workflows, conduct statistical production studies and analyze production costs in salary package Rs.30-40 thousand after qualifying an associate degree in industrial engineering.
- Industrial Engineer
Industrial engineers plan about elimination of wastefulness in production processes. They devise efficient ways to use workers, machines, materials, information and energy to make a product or provide a service. A professional degree in industrial engineering is required to be Industrial Engineer and They may have 70-80 thousand per month salary.
- Landscape Architect
Landscape architects plan and design land areas for parks, recreational facilities, private homes, campuses as well as other open spaces. They require professional degree in architect. Usually, they withdraw Rs.50-60 thousand.
- Marine Engineers and Naval Architect
Marine engineers and naval architects design, build and maintain ships from aircraft carriers to submarines, from sailboats to tankers. Marine engineers work on the mechanical systems, such as propulsion and steering. Naval architects work on the basic design, including the form and stability of hulls. A professional bachelor degree in marine engineering and architecting is required. A competitive salary package ranges 70-80 thousand may be drawn at initial of the professional career.
- Materials Engineer
Materials engineers develop, process and test materials used to create a range of products from computer chips and aircraft wings to golf clubs and snow skis. They work with metals, ceramics, plastics, composites and other substances to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements. A professional degree in material engineering is required to join the profession of material engineering. Material Engineers draw almost Rs.70-80 thousand per month.
- Mechanical Engineering Technician
Mechanical engineering technicians help mechanical engineers design, develop, test and manufacture mechanical devices including tools, engines, and machines. They may make sketches and rough layouts, record and analyze data, make calculations and estimates and report their findings. An associate degree in mechanical engineering is required and salary package ranges 40-50 rupees per month.
- Mechanical Engineer
Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers design, develop, build and test mechanical and thermal devices including tools, engines and machines. Subsequent to securing professional degree in mechanical engineering, they can withdraw 60-70 thousand rupees per month salary.
- Mining & Geological Engineer
Mining and geological engineers design mines for the safe and efficient removal of minerals such as coal and metals for manufacturing and utilities. A professional degree in mining & geology engineering is required. Usually, they withdraw Rs.80-90 thousand per month salary.
- Nuclear Engineer
Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. Many of these engineers find industrial and medical uses for radioactive materials for example, in equipment used in medical diagnosis and treatment. To be Nuclear Engineers, students require professional degree in nuclear engineering and the salary may be up to 1 Lakh.
27 Petroleum Engineer
Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth’s surface. They also find new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells within the salary range 100000-120000 rupees. They need to qualify a professional degree in petroleum engineering.
- Surveying & Mapping Technician
Surveying & mapping technicians assist surveyors, cartographers and photogrammetrists. They also collect data and make maps of the earth’s surface. They visit sites to take measurements of the land. They use geographic data to create maps and can have 30000-40000 rupees as monthly salary package. They require associate degree in engineering & architecting.
(2) Arts & Design Occupations
- Art Director
Art directors are responsible for the visual style and images in magazines, newspapers, product packaging and movie and television productions. They create the overall design of a project and direct others who develop artwork and layouts. They earn rupees 125000-150000 per month after qualifying a professional degree in arts & designs including media studies.
- Craft & Fine Artist
Craft & fine artists use a variety of materials and techniques to create art for sale and exhibition. They create handmade objects such as pottery, glassware, textiles or other objects that are designed to be functional. Fine artists including painters, sculptors and illustrators create original works of art for their aesthetic value rather than for a functional one. After qualifying in professional degree, they can earn up to 1 lac per month.
- Fashion Designer
Fashion designers create original clothing, accessories and footwear. They sketch designs, select fabrics & patterns and issue instructions how to make the products they designed. They have options whether they do professional or associate degree or certification in fashion designing. They can earn up to 50000 to 1 Lac per month.
- Floral Designer
Floral designers, also called florists, cut and arrange live, dried and silk flowers and greenery to make decorative displays. They also help customers select flowers, containers, ribbons and other accessories after getting associate degree or certification in floral designing that is one of the areas of specialization in architecting & engineering. After completing the associate or certification in floral designing, they can earn up to 50000 rupees per month.
- Graphic Designer
Graphic designers create visual concepts by hand or using computer software to communicate ideas that inspire, inform or captivate consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for advertisements, brochures, magazines and corporate reports after getting certification and training in graphic designing. They may earn rupees 40-50 thousand rupees per month.
- Industrial Designer
Industrial designers develop the concepts for manufactured products such as cars, home appliances and toys. They combine art, business and engineering to make products that people use every day. Industrial designers focus on the user experience in creating style and function for a particular gadget or appliance. It requires professional degree in industrial designing and salary ranges from 60-70 thousand rupees.
- Interior Designer
Interior designers make interior spaces functional, safe and beautiful by determining space requirements and selecting decorative items such as colors, lighting and materials. They read blueprints and aware of building codes and inspection regulations after qualifying a professional or associate degree in interior designing. They may earn rupees 40-50 thousand per month.
- Multimedia Artists & Animator
Multimedia artists & animators create animation and visual effects for television, movies, video games and other forms of media. The career in multimedia art can be started after winning professional, associate or certificate in the field of multimedia and animator. They can earn more than 50000 thousand rupees per month.
(3) Building & Grounds Cleaning Occupations
- Grounds Maintenance Worker
Grounds maintenance workers provide a pleasant outdoor environment by ensuring that the grounds of houses, businesses and parks are attractive, orderly and healthy. In order to develop career as ground maintenance worker, students are required to have a supervised training or earn a certificate. They may earn 30-40 thousand rupees per month.
- Janitors & Building Cleaner
Janitors and building cleaners keep many types of buildings clean, orderly and in good condition. No formal education is required to join this occupation. They may earn up to 30000 rupees per month.
- Maid & Housekeeping Cleaner
Maids & housekeeping cleaners perform general cleaning tasks including making beds and vacuuming halls in private homes and commercial apartments. No formal education is required for this occupation and they may earn up to 30000 rupees per month.
- Pest Control Worker
Pest control workers remove unwanted creatures such as roaches, rats, ants, bedbugs and termites that infest buildings and surrounding areas after getting certificate. They earn 30-40 thousand rupees per month.
(4) Business & Financial Occupations
- Accountants & Auditor
Accountants & auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants & auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently. They require both professional and associated certification in accounts & finance. Generally. Monthly, they earn 50-60 thousand rupees.
- Appraiser & Assessor of Real Estate
Appraisers & assessors of real estate estimate the value of land and the buildings on the land usually before it is sold, mortgaged, taxed, insured, or developed after getting associate degree or certificate. They may earn rupees 40-50 thousand per month.
- Budget Analysts
Budget analysts help public and private institutions organize their finances. They prepare budget reports and monitor institutional spending. A professional degree or associated certification is required and they earn 60-70 thousand rupees per month.
- Claims Adjuster, Appraiser, Examiner & Investigator
Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners & investigators evaluate insurance claims. They decide whether an insurance company must pay a claim and if so, how much after getting arts education. Salary ranges from 40-50 thousand.
- Compensation, Benefits & Job Analysis Specialist
Compensation, benefits & job analysis specialists help conduct an organization’s compensation and benefits programs. They also evaluate job positions to determine details such as classification and salary. A professional degree in business administration is required to start the professional career and they may withdraw 40-50 thousand per month.
- Cost Estimator
Cost estimators collect and analyze data in order to estimate the time, money, materials and labor required to manufacture a product, construct a building or provide a service. They generally specialize in a particular industry or type of product. They are required to specialize in business administration to earn 50-60 thousand per month.
- Financial Analyst
Financial analysts provide guidance to businesses and individuals making investment decisions. They assess the performance of stocks, bonds and other types of investments. Generally, they required specialize in business and finance management. They may earn more than 60-70 thousand per month.
- Financial Examiner
Financial examiners ensure compliance with laws governing financial institutions and transactions. After getting professional degree or associated certification, they review balance sheets, evaluate the risk level of loans and assess bank management. They earn up to 70000 rupee per month.
Fundraisers organize events and campaigns to raise money and other donations for an organization. They may design promotional materials and increase awareness of an organization’s work, goals and financial needs. Specialization in social or allied sciences is required to start professional career and they may earn 40-50 thousand salary per month.
- Human Resources & Labor Relations Specialist
Human resources specialists recruit, screen, interview and pe workers. They often handle other human resources work such as those related to employee relations, payroll, fringe benefits and training. Labor relations specialists interpret and administer labor contracts regarding issues such as wages & salaries, employee welfare, healthcare, pensions & union and management practices after doing specialization in business management including HR management. Salary bracket ranges from 50-60 thousand per month.
- Insurance Underwriter
Insurance underwriters decide whether to provide insurance and under what terms. They evaluate insurance applications and determine coverage amounts and premiums after getting bachelor degree in arts. They may withdraw 30-40 thousand per month.
- Loan Officer
Loan officers evaluate, authorize or recommend approval of loan applications for people and businesses after having bachelor degree in arts. They may withdraw 30-40 thousand per month.
Logisticians analyze and coordinate an organization’s supply chain; the system that moves a product from supplier to consumer. They manage the entire life cycle of the product which includes how a product is acquired, distributed, allocated and delivered. They get specialized degree in supply chain management and salary ranges from 50-60 thousand.
- Management Analyst
Management analysts often called management consultants, propose ways to improve an organization’s efficiency. They advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues. They are required to have professional degree in business management and withdraw up to 1 lac salary package.
- Market Research Analyst
Market research analysts study market conditions to examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them and at what price. They specialize in sales and marketing and withdraw 60-70 thousand salary package per month.
- Meeting, Convention & Event Planner
Meeting, convention & event planners coordinate all aspects of professional meetings and events. They choose meeting locations, arrange transportation and coordinate other details. After doing associate degree or certificate, they earn up to 50000 rupees per month.
- Personal Financial Advisor
They furnish with financial advice to people, help with investments, taxes and insurance decisions. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them and at what price. They work on contract basis after doing specialization in finance & business management. In most of the cases, per annuum wage ranges 10-15.
- Purchasing Managers, Buyers & Purchasing Agents
Purchasing managers, buyers & purchasing agents buy products for organizations to use or resell. They evaluate suppliers, negotiate contracts, and review product quality. After getting education in business administration; sales & marketing, they can withdraw 40-50 thousand rupees per month salary.
- Tax Examiners, Collectors & Revenue Agents
They ensure that federal, provincial and local governments get their tax money from businesses and citizens. They review tax returns, conduct audits, identify taxes owed and collect overdue tax payments after getting education in finance management. Their salary package ranges 50-60 thousand per month.
- Training & Development Specialists
Training & development specialists help plan, conduct and administer programs that train employees and improve their skills and knowledge. A professional degree in life, social, arts or business management is required to start the professional career. Their annum income may be up to 7-9.
(5) Community & Social Service Occupations
- Health Educators & Community Health Workers
Health educators teach people about behaviors that promote wellness. They develop and implement strategies to improve the health of individuals and communities. Community health workers collect data and discuss health concerns with members of specific populations or communities after getting degree in Master in Planning Health. They withdraw 70-80 thousand per month.
- Mental Health Counselors, Marriage & Family Therapists
Mental health counselors, marriage & family therapists help people manage and overcome mental and emotional disorders and problems with their family and relationships. They listen and probe the counselees to help the them understand their problems and develop strategies to improve their lives. A professional master degree with specialization in counseling is required and they may earn up to 80000 rupees per month.
- Probation Officers & Correctional Treatment Specialists
Probation officers & correctional treatment specialists work with and monitor offenders to prevent them from committing new crimes. Master degree in HR management is required to start the career and the salary package may range 40-50 thousand per month.
- Rehabilitation Counselors
Rehabilitation counselors help people with emotional and physical disabilities live independently. They work with counselees to overcome or manage the personal, social and professional effects of disabilities on employment or independent living. Master degree in applied psychology is required with counseling psychology as area of specialization. Usually they do private practice may earn up to 50000 rupees.
- School & Career Counselors
School counselors help students develop social skills and succeed in school. Career counselors assist people with the process of making career decisions, by helping them choose a career or educational program. Salary may range 40-50 thousand per month.
- Social & Human Service Assistants
Social & human service assistants help people get through difficult times or get additional support. They assist other workers, such as social workers, and they help clients find benefits or community services. Master degree in social science or socialism is required and salary package may range 50-60 thousand per month.
- Social Workers
Social workers help people solve and cope with problems in their everyday lives. One group of social workers, clinical social workers, also diagnose and treat mental, behavioral and emotional issues. Master degree in socialism, sociology, social psychology, political science or degree in law is suitable to be social worker. They may withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary.
- Substance Abuse & Behavioral Disorder Counselors
Substance abuse & behavioral disorder counselors advise people who suffer from alcoholism, drug addiction, eating disorders or other behavioral problems. They provide treatment and support to help the client recover from addiction or modify problem behaviors. Master degree in clinical psychology is required to join this occupation and earning may be more than 6-8 per annum.
(6) Computer & Information Technology Occupations
- Computer & Information Research Scientists
Computer & information research scientists invent and design new approaches to computing technology and find innovative uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science and other fields. Professional degree in information technology is required to join this occupation and salary may range from 60-80 thousand per month.
- Computer Network Architects
Computer network architects design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs) and intranets. These networks range from a small connection between two offices to a multinational series of globally distributed communications systems. Professional degree or certificate in networking is required to be computer network architect and per annum income may range 10-15 lac.
- Computer Programmers
Computer programmers write code to create software programs. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions that a computer can follow after completing master degree in information technology. Monthly salary ranges from 50-60 thousand.
- Computer Support Specialists
Computer support specialists provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment. Some, called computer network support specialists, support information technology (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called computer user support specialists, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems. They may withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary after getting master degree in computer sciences.
- Computer Systems Analysts
Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both after winning professional degree in computer sciences. They may have 10-12 lac per annum.
- Database Administrators
Database administrators use specialized software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data are available to users and are secure from unauthorized access. Subsequent to acquiring the master degree of computer sciences in database, their salary ranges from 40-50 thousand per month.
- Information Security Analysts
Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems. Their responsibilities are expanding as the number of cyber-attacks increase. After getting master degree in information technology, they may withdraw 60-70 thousand salary per month.
- Network & Computer Systems Administrators
Computer networks are critical parts of almost every organization. Network and computer systems administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of these networks. Master degree in computer networking is required to join this occupation and salary ranges from 50-60 thousand per month.
- Software Developers
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or other device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or control networks. They are definitely able to earn 15-20 lac per annum after winning associated degree or certificate along with advance skills in software development.
- Web Developers
Web developers design and create websites. They are responsible for the look of the site. They are also responsible for the site’s technical aspects, such as performance and capacity, which are measures of a website’s speed and how much traffic the site can handle. They also may create content for the site. They may earn 10-15 lac per annum after winning associated degree or certificate along with advance skills in website development.
(7) Construction & Extraction Occupations
Boilermakers assemble, install and repair boilers, closed vats and other large vessels or containers that hold liquids and gases. Usually, no formal education is required to be boilermakers. However, advance level skills with supervised training is mandatory in the same field. They may earn 8-10 lac per annum.
- Brick masons, Block masons & Stonemasons
Brick masons, block masons and stonemasons or simply masons use bricks, concrete blocks and natural and man-made stones to build fences, walkways, walls and other structures. Usually, no formal education is required to be boilermakers. However advance skills under supervision of trained professional is mandatory. They may earn 5-7 lac per annum.
Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures such as stairways, doorframes, partitions and rafters made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding and drywall. As such no formal education is required and per annum earning ranges more than 6-8 lac.
- Cement Masons & Terrazzo Workers
Cement masons pour, smooth and finish concrete floors, sidewalks, roads and curbs. Using a cement mixture, terrazzo workers create durable and decorative surfaces for floors and stairways. No education is required to join this occupation and they may earn more than 6-8 lac per annum.
- Construction & Building Inspectors
Construction and building inspectors ensure that construction meets local and national building codes and ordinances, zoning regulations, and contract specifications. Their salary ranges 50-60 thousand per month once they get associate degree in civil engineering. They can increase their earning in case they have professional degree in civil engineering.
- Construction Equipment Operators
Construction equipment operators drive, maneuver or control the heavy machinery used to construct roads, bridges, buildings and other structures. Advance skills are required along with driving license to join this occupation. They may earn 40-50 thousand salary per month.
- Construction Laborers & Helpers
Construction laborers and helpers perform many basic tasks that require physical labor on construction sites. No formal education or training is required to join this occupation. Per day wages range -1000-2000 depending upon type of labor.
- Drywall, Ceiling, Tile Installers & Tapers
Drywall, ceiling tile installers hang wallboards to walls and ceilings and install ceiling tile inside buildings. Tapers prepare the wallboards for painting, using tape and other materials. Many workers do both installing and taping. As such no formal education is required to join this occupation however, sometimes certification from vocational institution is required. Their per annum income may be 10-12 lac rupees.
Electricians install and maintain electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems in homes, businesses, and factories. A formal educational certification along with supervised training is required to join this occupation and they have both options to start job or their small entrepreneurship as well. Their income per annum ranges 10-15 lac in case of small entrepreneurship as well as 30-40 thousand per month in case of job.
- Elevator Installers & Repairers
Elevator installers & repairers install, fix and maintain elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts. Certification and supervised training along with licensing is required to join this occupation. Their salary may be more than 30-40 thousand per month.
Glaziers install windows, skylights, and other glass products in storefronts and buildings. No formal education is required, however supervised training is necessary for hands-on skills. Their salary may 30-40 thousand per month.
- Hazardous Materials Removal Workers
Hazardous materials (hazmat) removal workers identify and dispose of asbestos, radioactive & nuclear waste, arsenic, lead and other hazardous materials. They also neutralize and clean up materials that are flammable, corrosive, reactive or toxic. They may withdraw 30-40 thousand per month after getting formal certification and supervised training of the same occupation.
- Insulation Workers
Insulation workers install and replace the materials used to insulate buildings and their mechanical systems. Insulators generally work indoors in residential and commercial settings. Mechanical insulators work both indoors and outdoors. They spend most of their workday standing, bending, or kneeling often in confined spaces. Most floor, ceiling and wall insulators learn their trade on the job. Many mechanical insulators complete an apprenticeship program after earning a high school diploma or equivalent. Monthly salary for insulation workers ranges 30-40 thousand.
- Painters, Construction & Maintenance
Painters apply paint, stain and coatings to walls, buildings, bridges and other structures. As such no formal education is required. However, supervised training is required and they may earn 4-6 lac per annum.
- Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters
Plumbers, pipefitters & steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry liquids or gases to and in businesses, homes and factories. They earn almost 6-8 lac per annum after getting certification from vocational institution.
Roofers repair and install the roofs of buildings using a variety of materials, including shingles, asphalt and metal. Formal certificate issued by vocational institution is required and they may earn 4-6 lac per annum.
- Sheet Metal Workers
Sheet metal workers fabricate or install products that are made from thin metal sheets, such as ducts used for heating and air conditioning. After getting certificate from recognized vocational institution. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Solar Photovoltaic Installers
Solar photovoltaic (PV) installers, often called PV installers, assemble, install or maintain solar panel systems on roofs or other structures. Subsequent to getting associate degree or certificate from vocational institution, they withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary.
- Structural Iron & Steel Workers
Structural iron & steel workers install iron or steel beams, girders and columns to form buildings, bridges and other structures. They are commonly referred to as ironworkers. No formal education, however supervised training is required to join this occupation. Their per annum income may range 6-8 lac.
- Tile & Marble Setters
Tile and marble setters apply hard tile and marble to walls, floors and other surfaces. No formal education is required to join this occupation. Subsequent to supervised training, their per annum income ranges 6-8 lac.
(8) Education, Training & Library Occupations
- Adult Literacy & High School Equivalency Diploma Teachers
Adult literacy & high school equivalency diploma teachers instruct adults in basic skills, such as reading, writing and speaking English. They also help students to earn their high school diploma. Master degree in arts & humanities along with bachelor in education is required to join this occupation. They may earn 6-8 lac per annum.
- Archivists, Curators & Museum Workers
Archivists appraise, edit and maintain permanent records and historically valuable documents. Curators oversee collections of artwork and historic items and may conduct public service activities for an institution. Museum technicians and conservators prepare and restore objects and documents in museum collections and exhibits. Master degree in library sciences is required to join this occupation and monthly salary package ranges 40-60 thousand rupees.
- Career & Technical Education Teachers
Career and technical education teachers instruct students in various technical and vocational subjects such as auto repair, healthcare and culinary arts. They teach academic and technical content to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to enter an occupation. Bachelor degree in specific technical course along with training in career placement is required to earn 40-50 thousand per month salary.
- High School Teachers
High school teachers help prepare students for life after graduation. They teach academic lessons and various skills that students need to attend college and to enter the job market. Master degree in pure sciences, arts & humanities as well as in life sciences along with bachelor/master degree in education is required to join this profession and monthly salary package ranges 40-60 thousand.
- Instructional Coordinators
Instructional coordinators oversee school curriculum and teaching standards. They develop instructional material, coordinate its implementation with teachers and principals and assess its effectiveness. Master degree in pure sciences, arts & humanities, management as well as in life sciences along with bachelor/master degree in education is required to join this profession and monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand.
- Kindergarten & Elementary School Teachers
Kindergarten & elementary school teachers prepare younger students for future schooling by teaching them basic subjects such as math and reading. After getting bachelor degree in arts & humanities along with certification in Montessori, they may earn 40-50 thousand per month
Librarians help people find information and conduct research for personal and professional use. Their job duties may change based on the type of library they work in such as public, school and medical libraries. Master in library sciences along with training in data/information storage is required to join this occupation. Monthly salary package ranges 50-60 thousand.
- Library Technicians & Assistants
Library technicians & assistants help librarians with all aspects of running a library. They assist patrons, organize library materials and information and perform clerical and administrative tasks. Bachelor degree in arts & humanities is required to start this job and monthly salary may be 30-40 thousand.
- Middle School Teachers
Middle school teachers educate students, typically in sixth through eighth grades. Middle school teachers help students build on the fundamentals they learned in elementary school and prepare them for the more difficult curriculum they will face in high school. Bachelor/master degree in arts & humanities along with bachelor degree in education is required to join this profession. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Postsecondary Teachers
Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and vocational subjects beyond the high school level. They also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books. They need master degree in any of the educational discipline categorically in pure sciences, social sciences, life sciences, management, finance and arts & humanities. Their monthly salary ranges 70-80 thousand.
- Preschool Teachers
Preschool teachers educate and care for children, usually ages 3 to 5 who have not yet entered kindergarten. They teach reading, writing, science, and other subjects in a way that young children can understand. After getting bachelor degree in arts & humanities along with certification and training in Montessori, they can earn 30-50 thousand per month.
- Special Education Teachers
Special education teachers work with students who have a wide range of learning, mental, emotional and physical disabilities. They adapt general education lessons and teach various subjects such as reading, writing and math to students with mild and moderate disabilities. They also teach basic skills such as literacy and communication techniques to students with severe disabilities. Master degree in special education along with internship in the same profession is required to join this occupation. Monthly salary ranges 60-80 thousand for them.
- Teacher Assistants
Teacher assistants work under a teacher’s supervision to give students additional attention and instruction. Bachelor degree in arts & humanities along with supervised training is required for this job. Their monthly income ranges 30-40 thousand.
(9) Entertainment & Sports Occupations
Actors express ideas and portray characters in theater, film, television and other performing arts media. They also work at theme parks or other live events. They interpret a writer’s script to entertain or inform an audience. Bachelor degree in film & TV is required to join this profession. As such there is no permanent job for these professionals. However, their annual income may be up to millions depending upon the acting skills.
- Athletes & Sports Competitors
Athletes & sports competitors participate in organized, officiated sporting events to entertain spectators. They are required to complete post-secondary education along with mandatory training, certification and recordable/consecutive achievements in athletics, aerobics and sports competitions. Their annual income may be up to millions depending upon the level and frequency of achievements in competitions history.
- Coaches & Scouts
Coaches teach amateur or professional athletes the skills they need to succeed at their sport. Scouts look for new players and evaluate their skills and likelihood for success at the college, amateur or professional level. Many coaches are also involved in scouting. They are required complete bachelor/master degree in sports and physical education along with certification/training of scouts. Their monthly salary ranges 70-80 thousand.
- Dancers & Choreographers
Dancers & choreographers express ideas and stories using dance. There are many types of dance such as ballet, tango, modern dance, tap and jazz. Post-secondary education in musicology is required to excel in this profession. Their per annum income depends upon the job/contract level of the professional. However, their income may up to millions per annum.
- Music Directors & Composers
Music directors (also called conductors) lead orchestras and other musical groups during performances and recording sessions. Composers write and arrange original music in a variety of musical styles. After getting bachelor degree in musicology, they may earn up millions per annum depending upon the level of skills management in music composition.
- Musicians & Singers
Musicians & singers play instruments or sing for live audiences and in recording studios. With post-secondary education, they need furnished skills in singing and playing with music instruments. Annually, they may earn up to millions depending the level of acceptance among audience.
- Producers & Directors
Producers and directors create motion pictures, television shows, live theater and other performing arts productions. They interpret a writer’s script to entertain or inform an audience. Bachelor degree in musicology along with internship or supervised training is required and per annum earning may be in millions.
- Umpires, Referees & Sports Officials
Umpires, referees & sports officials preside over competitive athletic or sporting events to help maintain standards of play. They detect infractions and decide penalties according to the rules of the game. They are required complete graduate degree in sports and physical education. Their salary ranges 10-15 lac per annum.
(10) Farming, Fishing & Forestry Occupations
- Agricultural Workers
Agricultural workers maintain the quality of farms, crops and livestock by operating machinery and doing physical labor under the supervision of farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers. They are required to complete secondary education and their monthly salary may range 30-34 thousand.
- Fishers & Fishing Workers
Fishers & fishing workers catch and trap various types of marine life. The fish they catch are for human food, animal feed, bait and other uses. As such no formal education is required. Their daily wage ranges 1500-2000 rupees.
- Forest & Conservation Workers
Forest & conservation workers measure and improve the quality of forests. Under the supervision of foresters and forest & conservation technicians, they develop, maintain and protect forests. Post higher secondary education is required to join this occupation and monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Logging Workers
Logging workers harvest thousands of acres of forests each year. The timber they harvest provides the raw material for many consumer goods and industrial products. They may earn 30-40 thousand rupees per month after getting secondary certificate.
(11) Food Preparation & Serving Occupations
- Chefs & Head Cooks
Chefs & head cooks oversee the daily food preparation at restaurants and other pes where food is served. They direct kitchen staff and handle any food-related concerns. Secondary education along with diploma/certificate in cooking is required to join this occupation. Their salary package depends upon the level of skills set and restaurant/hotel they are working in. However, they may earn 50-60 thousand per month initially.
Cooks prepare, season and cook a wide range of foods. This may include soups, salads, entrees and desserts. Along with secondary education, they are required to get diploma/certificate in cooking. Their monthly income range 40-50 thousand initially.
- Food & Beverage Serving Workers
Food & beverage serving workers perform a variety of customer service, food preparation and cleaning duties in restaurants, cafeterias and other eating and drinking establishments. Secondary level education along with diploma/certificate in hotel management is required to join this occupation. Their monthly salary wage ranges 30-40 thousand.
- Food Preparation Workers
Food preparation workers perform many routine tasks under the direction of cooks, chefs or food service managers. Food preparation workers prepare cold foods, slice meat, peel and cut vegetables, brew coffee or tea and perform many other food service tasks. As such no formal education is required to join this occupation, however secondary level education is good enough. Their monthly salary package ranges 25-35 thousand.
- Waiters & Waitresses
Waiters and waitresses take orders and serve food and beverages to customers in dining establishments. No formal education is required to join this occupation, however secondary level education is good to excel in career. Their monthly salary package ranges 30-40 thousand.
(12) Healthcare Occupations
- Athletic Trainers & Exercise Physiologists
Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses. Exercise physiologists develop fitness and exercise programs that help patients recover from chronic diseases and improve cardiovascular function, body composition and flexibility. Professional degree in doctor of physical therapy is required to join the profession. They may earn 60-80 thousand per month.
Audiologists diagnose and treat a patient’s hearing and balance problems using advanced technology and procedures. An associate degree in audiology is required and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
Chiropractors treat patients with health problems of the neuromusculoskeletal system which includes nerves, bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. They use spinal adjustments, manipulation and other techniques to manage patients’ health concerns, such as back and neck pain. They are required to complete a professional degree in doctor of chiropractic and earn 60-70 thousand per month.
- Dental Assistants
Dental assistants have the tasks ranging from providing patient care and taking x-rays to recordkeeping and scheduling appointments. Their duties vary by dentists’ offices where they work. Associate degree along with supervised training in dentistry is needed to join this occupation. Their per annum income ranges 8-10 lac.
- Dental Hygienists
Dental hygienists clean teeth, examine patients for signs of oral diseases such as gingivitis and provide other preventative dental care. They also educate patients on ways to improve and maintain good oral health. An associate degree along with supervised training in dentistry is required. Their per annum income may be up to 6-8 lac.
Dentists diagnose and treat problems with a patient’s teeth, gums and related parts of the mouth. They provide suggestions and instructions on taking care of teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health. Professional degree in dentistry along with house job is mandatory to practice the profession. Monthly salary package may range 70-80 thousand.
- Medical Cardiovascular Technologists/Technicians
Medical cardiovascular technologists/technicians operate special imaging equipment to create images or conduct tests. The images and test results help physicians assess and diagnose medical conditions. Some technologists assist physicians and surgeons during surgical procedures. Associate degree in pathology is required and salary ranges 40-50 thousand per month.
- Dietitians & Nutritionists
Dietitians & nutritionists are experts in food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal. Master degree in diet & nutrition is required to join this occupation. Their annual income ranges 15-20 lac rupees.
- EMTs & Paramedics
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics care for the sick or injured in emergency medical settings. People’s lives often depend on their quick reaction and competent care. EMTs and paramedics respond to emergency calls, performing medical services and transporting patients to medical facilities. Associate degree in clinical assistant along with internship is required. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Genetic Counselors
Genetic counselors assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions such as genetic disorders and birth defects. They provide information and advice to other healthcare providers or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions. Specialized degree in health & clinical psychology is required. Their annual income may be up to 12-15 lac rupees
- Home Health Aides
Home health aides help people who are disabled, chronically ill or cognitively impaired. They often help older adults who need assistance. They may be able to give a client medication or check the client’s vital signs under the direction of a nurse or other healthcare practitioner. They are required to complete medical assistant course along with internship. They may withdraw 40-50 thousand per month.
- Licensed Vocational Nurses
Licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic nursing care. They work under the direction of registered nurses and doctors. Diploma in nursing is required for this job and their per annum wage ranges 6-8 lac.
- Massage Therapists
Massage therapists treat clients by using touch to manipulate the soft-tissue muscles of the body. With their touch, therapists relieve pain, help rehabilitate injuries, improve circulation, relieve stress, increase relaxation, and aid in the general wellness of clients. Certification with internship is required for this job. Their annual earning may be up to 8-10 lac rupees.
- Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technologists/Technicians
Medical laboratory technologists (commonly known as medical laboratory scientists) and medical laboratory technicians collect samples and perform tests to analyze body fluids, tissue and other substances. Associate degree along with internship is required to for this job and annual income may be up 8-10 lac rupees.
- Medical Assistants
Medical assistants complete administrative and clinical tasks in the offices of physicians, podiatrists, chiropractors and other health practitioners. Their duties vary with the location, specialty and size of the practice. Diploma in clinical assistant along with internship is required to earn 40-50 thousand per month in this occupation.
- Medical Records & Health Information Technicians
Medical records and health information technicians commonly referred to as health information technicians organize and manage health information data. They ensure its quality, accuracy, accessibility and security in both paper and electronic systems. They use various classification systems to code and categorize patient information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients’ medical and treatment histories. They are required to complete diploma in dispensary along with supervised training in a medical set up. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Medical Transcriptionists
Medical transcriptionists listen to voice recordings that physicians and other healthcare professionals make and convert them into written reports. They may also review and edit medical documents created using speech recognition technology. Transcriptionists interpret medical terminology and abbreviations in preparing patients’ medical histories, discharge summaries, and other documents. Associate degree in dispensing is required to join this profession. They may earn 40-50 thousand per month.
- Nuclear Medicine Technologists
Nuclear medicine technologists use a scanner to create images of various areas of a patient’s body. They prepare radioactive drugs and administer them to patients undergoing the scans. The radioactive drugs cause abnormal areas of the body to appear different from normal areas in the images. Associate degree along with internship is required and salary may range 40-60 thousand per month.
- Nurse Anesthetists, Nurse Midwives & Nurse Practitioners
Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives & nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), provide and coordinate patient care and they may provide primary and specialty health care. The scope of practice varies from state to state. Bachelor degree in nursing is required along with supervised training and monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand initially.
- Nursing Assistants
Nursing assistants help provide basic care for patients in hospitals and residents of long-term care facilities such as nursing homes. They are required to complete the course of general nursing and their per annum salary may range 8-10 lac.
- Occupational Health & Safety Specialists
Occupational health and safety specialists analyze many types of work environments and work procedures. Specialists inspect work places for adherence to regulations on safety, health and the environment. They also design programs to prevent disease or injury to workers and damage to the environment. They have to complete master degree in safety & security management and may earn 70-80 thousand per month.
- Occupational Health & Safety Technicians
Occupational health & safety technicians collect data on the safety and health conditions of the work. Technicians work with occupational health & safety specialists in conducting tests and measuring hazards to help prevent harm to workers, property, environment and the general public. They are required to complete bachelor or associate degree in safety & security management and may earn 40-50 thousand per month.
- Occupational Therapists
Occupational therapists treat injured, ill or disabled patients through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. They help these patients develop, recover and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. In order to join this occupation, they are required to have master degree in occupational psychology along with internship. They can earn 60-70 thousand per month.
- Occupational Therapy Assistants
Occupational therapy assistants help patients develop, recover and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Occupational therapy assistants are directly involved in providing therapy to patients while occupational therapy typically perform support activities under the direction of occupational therapists. Bachelor degree in occupational psychology is required and their salary may range 40-50 thousand per month.
- Dispensing Opticians
Dispensing opticians help fit eyeglasses and contact lenses, following prescriptions from ophthalmologists and optometrists. They also help customers decide which eyeglass frames or contact lenses to buy. Associate degree in optometry is required to withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary.
Optometrists examine the eyes and other parts of the visual system. They also diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries and other disorders of the eyes. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed. They are required to complete associate degree in ophthalmology to join this job. They may withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary.
- Orthotists & Prosthetists
Orthotists & prosthetists also called O&P professionals design medical supportive devices and measure and fit patients for them. These devices include artificial limbs (arms, hands, legs & feet), braces and other medical or surgical devices. Bachelor degree in orthotist & prosthetist is required along with supervised training and their salary may be 50-60 thousand.
- Personal Care Aides
Personal care aides help clients with self-care and everyday tasks, and provide companionship. General nursing degree is required and their per annum wage ranges 8-10 lac rupees.
Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions. They also may provide advice on how to lead a healthy lifestyle, conduct health and wellness screenings, provide immunizations and oversee the medications given to patients. Professional degree in pharmacy is required to withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary.
- Pharmacy Technicians
Pharmacy technicians help licensed pharmacists dispense prescription medication to customers or health professionals. Associate degree in dispensing/pharmacy is required to withdraw 40-50 thousand.
Phlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions, research, or blood donations. Some explain their work to patients and aid when patients have adverse reactions after their blood is drawn. Associate degree in hematology is needed to join this job and salary package may range 50-60 thousand per month.
- Physical Therapist Assistants
Physical therapist assistants also called PTAs work under the direction and supervision of physical therapists. They help patients who are recovering from injuries and illnesses regain movement and manage pain. Bachelor degree in physiotherapy is required along with supervised training. They may withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary.
- Physical Therapists
Physical therapists, sometimes called PTs, help injured or ill people improve their movement and manage their pain. These therapists are often an important part of rehabilitation and treatment of patients with chronic conditions or injuries. Professional degree in physiotherapy is required to join this occupation. Their monthly salary ranges 70-80 thousand.
- Physician Assistants
Physician assistants also known as PAs practice medicine on a team under the supervision of physicians and surgeons. They are formally educated to examine patients, diagnose injuries and illnesses to provide treatment. Diploma in medical/clinical assistant is required to win this job. Their salary monthly ranges 30-40 thousand.
- Physicians & Surgeons
Physicians & surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. Physicians examine patients, take medical histories, prescribe medications and perform as well as interpret diagnostic tests. They educate patients on diet, hygiene and preventive healthcare. Surgeons operate on patients to treat injuries, such as broken bones and diseases such as cancerous tumors and deformities such as cleft palates. They are quired to complete MBBS along with house job training. Their monthly salary ranges 80 thousand to 1 lac.
Podiatrists provide medical care for people with foot, ankle and lower leg problems. They diagnose illnesses, treat injuries and perform surgery involving the lower extremities. Professional degree in doctor of podiatric medicine is required to serve this occupation. Their monthly salary may range 70-80 thousand.
- Psychiatric Technicians
Psychiatric technicians care for people who have mental illness and developmental disabilities. They typically provide therapeutic care and help patients in their daily activities to ensure a safe and clean environment. Bachelor degree in psychiatry or psychology is required and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Radiation Therapists
Radiation therapists treat cancer and other diseases in patients by administering radiation treatments. Bachelor degree in radiation science is required to win this job. Their salary ranges 70-80 thousand per month.
- Radiologic and MRI Technologists
Radiologic technologists perform diagnostic imaging examinations, such as x rays, on patients. MRI technologists operate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to create diagnostic images. Associate degree in MRI is required and salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Recreational Therapists
Recreational therapists plan, direct and coordinate recreation-based treatment programs for people with disabilities, injuries or illnesses. Recreational therapists use a variety of modalities including arts and crafts, drama, music, dance, sports, games and community reintegration field trips to help maintain or improve a patient’s physical, social and emotional well-being. Master degree in social psychology is required to join this occupation and their salary ranges 60-70 thousand.
- Registered Nurses
Registered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members. BS nursing degree along with supervised training and certificate from Pakistan Nursing Council is required and their salary ranges 50-60 thousand.
- Respiratory Therapists
Respiratory therapists care for patients who have trouble breathing for example from a chronic respiratory disease such as asthma or emphysema. Their patients range from premature infants with undeveloped lungs to elderly patients who have diseased lungs. They also provide emergency care to patients suffering from heart attacks, drowning or shock. Both bachelor and associate degree in respiratory therapy may be helpful to start and join the profession. Their salary may range 60-70 thousand per month.
- Speech-Language Pathologists
Speech-language pathologists also called speech therapists assess, diagnose, treat and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in patients. Speech, language and swallowing disorders result from a variety of causes such as a stroke, brain injury, hearing loss, developmental delay, a cleft palate, cerebral palsy or emotional problems. Master degree in speech therapy along with supervised training or internship is required to earn 60-70 thousand per month.
- Surgical Technologists
Surgical technologists also called operating room technicians assist in surgical operations. They prepare operating rooms, arrange equipment and help doctors during surgeries. They are required to complete associate degree in operation theatre technology to withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary.
Veterinarians care for the health of animals and work to improve public health. They diagnose, treat and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock and other animals. Professional degree in DVM is required to withdraw 70-80 thousand per month salary.
- Veterinary Assistants & Laboratory Animal Caretakers
Veterinary assistants & laboratory animal caretakers look after animals in laboratories, animal hospitals and clinics. They care for the well-being of animals by performing routine tasks under the supervision of veterinarians, scientists and veterinary technologists and technicians. Associate degree in veterinary medicine is required to win this job and per month salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Veterinary Technologists & Technicians
Veterinary technologists & technicians perform medical tests under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian to help diagnose the illnesses and injuries of animals. They are required to complete bachelor or associate degree in veterinary technology to 50-60 thousand per month salary.
(13) Installation, Maintenance & Repair Occupations
- Aircraft & Avionics Equipment Mechanics/Technicians
Aircraft & avionics equipment mechanics/technicians repair and perform scheduled maintenance on aircraft. They also may perform aircraft inspections as required by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Bachelor degree in avionics is required to join this profession. Their monthly salary may range 60-70 thousand.
- Automotive Body & Glass Repairers
Automotive body and glass repairers restore, refinish and repair the vehicle bodies/frames, windshields and window glass. As such nor formal education is required however supervised training is mandatory for furnished and advance skills. Their annual income may be up to 8-10 Lac.
- Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics
Automotive service technicians & mechanics inspect, maintain and repair cars and light trucks. As such nor formal education is required however supervised training is mandatory for furnished and advance skills. Their annual income may be up to 10-15 Lac.
- Computer, ATM & Office Machine Repairers
Computer, ATM & office machine repairers install, fix and maintain many of the machines that businesses, households and other consumers use. Associate degree in elector-mechanics is required to join this occupation and earn 10-12 lac per annum.
- Diesel Service Technicians & Mechanics
Diesel service technicians & mechanics inspect, repair or overhaul buses, trucks and anything else with a diesel engine. As such no formal education however supervised training is required for this job and their annual wages may be up to 6-8 lac rupees.
- Electrical/Electronic Installers & Repairers
Electrical/electronic installers install and repair a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities and other industries. Associate degree in electro-mechanical is required to earn almost 8-10 lac per annum.
- General Maintenance & Repair Workers
General maintenance & repair workers fix and maintain machines, mechanical equipment and buildings. They work on plumbing, electrical, and air-conditioning and heating systems. Certificate, diploma or associate degree is required for this occupation. They may earn 8-10 lac per annum.
- Heating, Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers
Heating, air conditioning/refrigeration mechanics & installers often called HVACR technicians work on heating, ventilation, cooling and refrigeration systems that control the temperature and air quality in buildings. Diploma or associate degree is required to win this job. Their per annum income ranges 12-15 lac rupees.
- Heavy Vehicle & Mobile Equipment Service Technicians
Heavy vehicle & mobile equipment service technicians inspect, maintain, and repair vehicles and machinery used in construction, farming, rail transportation and other industries. Post higher secondary certificate along with supervised training/certification is required for this occupation. Their per month salary may range 40-50 thousand.
- Industrial Machinery Mechanics
Industrial machinery mechanics maintain and repair factory equipment and other industrial machinery such as conveying systems, production machinery and packaging equipment. Millwrights install, dismantle, repair, reassemble and move machinery in factories, power plants and construction sites. They are required associate diploma, supervised training and driving license to start this job. Their monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand.
- Line Installers & Repairers
Line installers & repairers install or repair electrical power systems and telecommunications cables, including fiber optics. Associate degree in electro-mechanics along with internship/supervised training is required and their monthly salary may range 40-50 thousand rupees.
- Medical Equipment Repairers
Medical equipment repairers install, maintain and repair patient care equipment. Associate degree in the medical equipment manufacturing is required. Their per annum wages range 8-10 lac rupees.
- Small Engine Mechanics
Small engine mechanics inspect, service and repair motorized power equipment. They often specialize in one type of equipment such as motorcycles, motorboats or outdoor power equipment. As such no formal education is required however, supervised training is mandatory. Annual wages range 12-15 lac rupees.
- Telecommunications Equipment Installers & Repairers
Telecommunications equipment installers & repairers also known as telecom technicians set up and maintain devices or equipment that carry communications signals, connect to telephone lines or access the internet. Associate degree/certification in telecommunication or networking is required to earn 40-50 thousand per month salary.
- Wind Turbine Technicians
Wind turbine service technicians also known as wind-techs install, maintain, and repair wind turbines. They are required to complete associate degree in the electronics or electro-mechanics along with supervised training. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
(14) Legal Occupations
- Arbitrators, Mediators & Conciliators
Arbitrators, mediators & conciliators help to resolve conflicts outside of the court system by facilitating negotiation and dialogue between disputing parties. Master in law is required to join occupation. Their per annum income may be up to 10-15 lac.
- Court Reporters
Court reporters create word-for-word transcriptions at trials, depositions, and other legal proceedings. Some court reporters provide captioning for television and real-time translation for deaf or hard-of-hearing people at public events, at business meetings or in classrooms. They are required bachelor degree in arts & humanities or law to start this job. Their salary ranges 50-60 thousand.
- Judges & Hearing Officers
Judges & hearing officers apply the law by overseeing the legal process in courts. They also conduct pretrial hearings, resolve administrative disputes and facilitate negotiations between opposing parties and issue legal decisions. Passing the judiciary exam along with bachelor in law is mandatory for this occupation. Their monthly salary ranges 80-90 thousand.
Lawyers advise and represent individuals, businesses and government agencies on legal issues and disputes. Bachelor or master degree in law is required to join this occupation. Their per annum wages range 10-12 lac.
- Paralegals & Legal Assistants
Paralegals & legal assistants do a variety of tasks to support lawyers, including maintaining and organizing files, conducting legal research and drafting documents. Bachelor in law is required for this job. Their per annum wages range 8-10 lac rupees.
(15) Life, Physical & Social Science Occupations
- Agricultural & Food Science Technicians
Agricultural & food science technicians assist agricultural & food scientists by performing duties such as measuring and analyzing the quality of food and agricultural products. Bachelor degree in agriculture is required to win this job and their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Agricultural & Food Scientists
Agricultural & food scientists work to ensure that agricultural establishments are productive and food is safe. Master or doctorate degree in Agrisciences is required and the salary may be up to 1 Lac.
- Anthropologists & Archeologists
Anthropologists & archeologists study the origin, development and behavior of humans. They examine the cultures, languages, archeological remains and physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. Master or doctorate degree in anthropology is required to earn 12-15 lac per.
- Atmospheric Scientists, Including Meteorologists
Atmospheric scientists study weather and climate as well as how it affects human activity and the earth in general. Professional degree in meteorology is required to join this occupation and monthly salary may range 80-90 thousand.
- Biochemists & Biophysicists
Biochemists & biophysicists study the chemical and physical principles of living things and biological processes such as cell development, growth and heredity. They are required to complete professional or master degree biotechnology and their monthly salary may range 80-90 thousand
- Biological Technicians
Biological technicians help biological and medical scientists conduct laboratory tests and experiments. Bachelor degree in biosciences is required for this job and their salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Chemical Technicians
Chemical technicians use special instruments and techniques to help chemists and chemical engineers research, develop and produce chemical products and processes. Associate or bachelor degree in chemical sciences is required. They may withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary.
- Chemists & Materials Scientists
Chemists & materials scientists study substances at atomic and molecular levels and the ways in which substances react with each other. They develop new and improve the products to test the quality of manufactured goods. Master or professional degree in high energy is required. Their salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Conservation Scientists & Foresters
Conservation scientists & foresters manage overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands and other natural resources. Master degree in forestry or geo sciences is required to join this job. They may earn 70-80 thousand as monthly salary.
Economists study production and distribution of resources, goods and services by collecting and analyzing data, researching trends and evaluating economic issues. Master or doctorate degree in economics is required and salary may be up to 1 Lac rupees.
- Environmental Science & Protection Technicians
Environmental science & protection technicians do laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution including those affecting public health. They work under the supervision of environmental scientists and specialists who direct the technicians’ work and evaluate their results. They are required to complete associate or bachelor degree in environmental engineering and their monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand.
Epidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans. They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research, community education and health policy. Master degree in public health is required for this job and monthly salary may range 80-90 thousand.
- Forensic Science Technicians
Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. They specialize in crime scene investigation and laboratory analysis. Bachelor or master degree in forensic is required and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Forest & Conservation Technicians
Forest & conservation technicians measure and improve the quality of forests, rangeland and other natural areas. Bachelor degree in forestry is required to win this job and salary range 50-60 thousand per month.
Geographers study the earth and its land’s features and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures as they relate to geography. They study physical and human geographic characteristics of a region, ranging in scale from local to global. Master or doctorate in archelogy, anthropology or geoscience is required to earn up to 15 lac per annum.
- Environmental Scientists & Specialists
Environmental scientists & specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health. They may clean up polluted areas, advise policy makers or work with industry to reduce waste. They are required to complete professional degree in environmental sciences to withdraw almost 1 lac per month.
- Geological & Petroleum Technicians
Geological & petroleum technicians provide support to scientists and engineers in exploring and extracting natural resources such as minerals, oil and natural gas. Bachelor degree in petroleum of geology is required to win this job. Their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
Geoscientists study the physical aspects of Earth such as its composition, structure and processes to learn about its past, present and future. They are required to have master or doctorate degree in geosciences and their per annum income may be up to 12-15 lac.
Historians research, analyze, interpret and present the past by studying a variety of historical documents and sources. They are required to complete master or doctorate degree in any of the history subject or world history to earn 10-15 lac rupees per annum.
Hydrologists study how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust. They can use their expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability. Professional degree in hydropower engineering is required for this profession. Their monthly salary may range 80-90 thousand.
- Medical Scientists
Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings. Doctorate degree in medical sciences or biotechnology is required and their per annum earning ranges 15-20 lac.
Microbiologists study microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi and some types of parasites. They try to understand how these organisms live, grow and interact with their environments. Professional degree in microbiology is required for this job and salary may range 70-80 thousand.
- Physicists & Astronomers
Physicists & astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact. Theoretical physicists & astronomers may study the nature of time or the origin of the universe. Physicists & astronomers in applied fields may develop new military technologies or new sources of energy or monitor space debris that could endanger satellites. They are required to complete professional degree in space technology and their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Nuclear Technicians
Nuclear technicians assist physicists, engineers and other professionals in nuclear research and nuclear production. They operate special equipment used in these activities and monitor the levels of radiation that are produced. Associate or bachelor degree in energy system is required and their salary ranges 70-80 thousand.
- Political Scientists
Political scientists study the origin, development and operation of political systems. They research political ideas and analyze governments, policies, political trends and related issues. They are required to complete master or doctorate in political science and their salary may range 80-90 thousand.
Psychologists study cognitive, emotional and social processes and human behavior by observing, interpreting and recording how people relate to one another and their environments. They are required to win master degree in applied psychology. Their per annum income ranges 70-80 thousand.
Sociologists study society and social behavior by examining the groups, cultures, organizations, social institutions and processes that people develop. Master degree in sociology is required to earn 10-12 lac rupees per annum.
- Survey Researchers
Survey researchers design surveys and analyze data. Surveys are used to collect factual data such as employment and salary information or to ask questions in order to understand people’s opinions, preferences, beliefs or desires. Master degree in research is required to earn 10-12 lac rupees per annum.
- Urban & Regional Planners
Urban & regional planners develop plans and programs for the use of land. Their plans help create communities, accommodate population growth and revitalize physical facilities in towns, cities, counties and metropolitan areas. Professional degree in regional/urban engineering is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 70-80 thousand.
- Zoologists & Wildlife Biologists
Zoologists & wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems. They study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitats. They are required to complete master degree in zoology and their monthly salary may range 70-80 thousand.
(16) Management Occupations
- Administrative Services Managers
Administrative services managers plan, direct and coordinate supportive services of an organization. Their specific responsibilities vary by the type of organization and may include keeping records, planning & distributing the mails and maintaining facilities. Bachelor degree in business administration is required along with internship. Their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Advertising, Promotions & Marketing Managers
Advertising, promotions & marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in product or service. They work with art directors, sales agents and financial staff members. Bachelor degree in sales & marketing is required to earn 80-100 thousand per month.
- Architectural & Engineering Managers
Architectural & engineering managers plan, coordinate and direct activities in architectural and engineering companies. Professional degree in civil engineering is required to win this job. They may earn more than 1 lac per month salary.
- Compensation & Benefits Managers
Compensation managers plan, direct and coordinate how much an organization pays its employees and how employees are paid. Benefits managers plan, direct and coordinate retirement plans, health insurance, and other benefits that an organization offers its employees. Bachelor or master degree in human resource management is required for this occupation. Their monthly salary ranges 80-100 thousand rupees.
- Computer & Information Systems Managers
Computer & information system managers also called information technology (IT) managers or IT project managers, plan, coordinate and direct computer-related activities in an organization. They help determine the information technology goals of organization and are responsible for implementing computer systems to meet those goals. Professional degree in information technology is required to earn 12-15 lac per annum.
- Construction Managers
Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget and supervise construction projects from development to completion. Bachelor or professional degree in civil engineering or architecting is required to withdraw 70-80 thousand per month salary.
- Elementary, Middle & High School Principals
Elementary, middle & high school principals are responsible for managing all school operations. They manage daily school activities, coordinate curricula and oversee teachers and other school staff to provide safe and productive learning environment for students. They are required to complete master in educational leadership and management to secure monthly 70-80 thousand salary.
- Emergency Management Directors
Emergency management directors prepare plans and procedures for responding to natural disasters or other emergencies. They also lead the response during and after emergencies often in coordination with fire and law enforcement officials, elected officials, nonprofit organizations and government agencies. Professional degree in health management or disaster management is required to earn 15-20 lac per annum.
- Farmers, Ranchers & Agricultural Managers
Farmers, ranchers & agricultural managers run establishments that produce crops, livestock and dairy products. As such no formal education is required however having a secondary certificate is good enough. They may earn reasonable amount in the respective seasons.
- Financial Managers
Financial managers are responsible for financial health of organization. They produce financial reports, direct investment activities and develop strategies and plans for long-term financial goals of organization. Professional degree in finance management (CA, ACCA or ACA) is required to earn 12-15 lac per annum.
- Food Service Managers
Food service managers are responsible for the daily operation of restaurants and other establishments that prepare and serve food and beverages. They direct staff to ensure that customers are satisfied with their dining experience and the business is profitable. Diploma in hotel management is required to win this job. Their monthly salary may range 80-100 thousand.
- Human Resources Managers
Human resources managers plan, direct and coordinate the administrative functions of an organization. They oversee the recruiting, interviewing and hiring of new staff, consult with top executives on strategic planning and serve as a link between organization’s management and its employees. Master degree in human resource management is required to withdraw monthly 1 lac rupees as monthly salary.
- Industrial Production Managers
Industrial production managers oversee daily operations of manufacturing and related plants. They coordinate, plan and direct the activities used to create a wide range of goods such as cars computer equipment or paper products. Bachelor or master degree in business administration is required to join this occupation. Their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Lodging Managers
Lodging managers ensure that guests on vacation or business travel have a pleasant experience at a hotel, motel or other types of establishment with accommodations. They also ensure that the establishment is run efficiently and profitably. Diploma in hotel management is required to win this job and their monthly salary may range 80-90 thousand rupees.
- Medical & Health Services Managers
Medical & health services managers also called healthcare executives or healthcare administrators plan, direct and coordinate medical and health services. They manage an entire facility or specialize in managing a specific clinical area or department or manage a medical practice for a group of physicians. They must be able to adapt to changes in healthcare laws, regulations and technology. Master in public health management along with professional degree in healthcare (MBBS) to withdraw more than 1 lac salary package per month.
- Natural Sciences Managers
Natural sciences managers supervise the work of scientists, including chemists, physicists and biologists. They direct activities related to research and development and coordinate activities such as testing, quality control, and production. Doctorate degree in pure sciences is required to win this job and their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Postsecondary Education Administrators
Postsecondary education administrators oversee student services, academics and faculty research at colleges and universities. Their job duties vary depending on the area of the college they manage such as admissions, student life or the office of the registrar. Professional degree in educational leadership management is required for this position. Their monthly salary is up to 1 lac rupees.
- Preschool & Childcare Center Directors
Preschool & childcare center directors direct and lead staffs, oversee daily activities and prepare plans and budgets. They are responsible for all aspects of their center’s program. Master degree in education along with diploma/certificate in Montessori is mandatory for this job. Salary package may range 80-100 thousand per month.
- Property, Real Estate & Community Association Managers
Property, real estate & community association managers take care of the many aspects of residential, commercial or industrial properties. They make sure the property is well maintained, has a nice appearance and preserves its resale or leasing value. High school education along with advance knowledge and skills in real estate is required to earn up to 10-12 lac per annum.
- Public Relations & Fundraising Managers
Public relations managers plan and direct the creation of material that will maintain or enhance the public image of their employer or client. Fundraising managers coordinate campaigns that bring in donations for their organization. Master degree in media is required to earn more than 1 lac rupees per month.
- Sales Managers
Sales managers direct organizations’ sales teams. They set sales goals, analyze data and develop training programs for organizations’ sales representatives. Master degree in business administration along with specialization in sales & marketing is required to earn almost 12-15 lac per annum.
- Social & Community Service Managers
Social & community service managers coordinate and supervise social service programs and community organizations. They direct and lead staffs who provide social services to the public. Master or doctorate degree in sociology is required for this job. Their monthly salary is up to 1 lac per month.
- Top Executives
Top executives devise strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals. They plan, direct and coordinate operational activities of companies and organizations. Professional degree in management or success in exams of provincial management services or central superior services is required to secure this position. Their monthly salary may be up to 2 lac rupees.
- Training & Development Managers
Training & development managers plan, direct and coordinate programs to enhance the knowledge and skills of organization’s employees. They also oversee a staff of training and development specialists. Master in any of the discipline along with certification in training & development and update knowledge with furnished skills are required for this occupation. Their per annum income range 12-15 lac rupees.
(17) Math Occupations
Actuaries analyze financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry. Master degree in business management or statistics is required to join this occupation. Their per annum income may range 15-20 lac rupees.
Mathematicians use advanced mathematics to develop and understand mathematical principles, analyze data and solve real-world problems. Doctorate degree in mathematics is required to earn 12-15 lac rupees per annum.
- Operations Research Analysts
Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems and make better decisions. Doctorate or master degree in statistics is required and their per annum income range 10-15 lac rupees.
Statisticians use statistical methods to collect and analyze data and help solve real-world problems in business, engineering, sciences or other fields. Bachelor or master degree in statistics is required to join this occupation ad their monthly salary may range 70-90 thousand
(18) Media and Communication Occupations
Announcers present music, news and sports and may provide commentary or interview guests about these topics or other important events. Some act as masters of ceremonies or disc jockeys (DJs) at weddings, parties or clubs. Bachelor degree in media studies or English language is required to win this job and their per annum income may be to10-12 lac rupees.
- Broadcast & Sound Engineering Technicians
Broadcast & sound engineering technicians set up, operate and maintain the electrical equipment for radio and television broadcasts, concerts, sound recordings, movies and in office and school buildings. Bachelor degree in media is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
Editors plan, review and revise content for publication. Master degree in any of the languages (International, National, Regional, Native) is required to earn 8-10 lac per annum.
- Film/Video Editors & Camera Operators
Film/video editors & camera operators manipulate images that entertain or inform an audience. Bachelor degree in film & TV is required to earn 15-20 lac rupees per annum.
- Interpreters & Translators
Interpreters & translators convert information from one language into another language. Interpreters work in spoken or sign language and translators work in written language. Bachelor or master degree in any of the languages (International, National, Regional, Native) is required to earn 8-10 lac per annum.
Photographers use their technical expertise, creativity and composition skills to produce and preserve images that visually tell a story or record an event. High school education along with advance and furnished skills in photography is required to join this occupation. Per annum income may be 8-10 lac rupees.
- Public Relations Specialists
Public relations specialists create and maintain a favorable public image for the organization they represent. They design media releases to shape public perception of their organization and to increase awareness of its work and goals.
- Reporters, Correspondents & Broadcast News Analysts
Reporters, correspondents & broadcast news analysts inform the public about news and events happening internationally, nationally and locally. They report the news for newspapers, magazines, websites, television and radio. Bachelor degree in media studies is required to win this job and their monthly salary may 50-60 thousand.
- Technical Writers
Technical writers also called technical communicators prepare instruction manuals, journal articles and other supporting documents to communicate complex and technical information more easily. They also develop, gather, and disseminate technical information among customers, designers and manufacturers. Bachelor or master degree in mass communication is required and monthly salary may range 60-70 thousand rupees.
- Writers & Authors
Writers & authors develop written content for advertisements, books, magazines, movie and television scripts, songs and online publications. Master degree in any of the languages (International, National, Regional & Native) along with strong area of interest to write in is required for this occupation and their annual income may be up to 10-15 lac rupees.
(19) Military Careers
- Administrative Personnel
They maintain data and files on personnel, equipment, funds and other military related activities. They work in a support area such as finance, accounting, legal affairs, maintenance, supply or transportation. Bachelor degree in any of the said specialization (Accounts & Finance, Law & Supply Chain Management) is required win this job. They may withdraw 70-80 thousand salary along with fringe benefits.
- Combat Specialty Personnel
They train and work as members of combat units such as the infantry, artillery or Special Forces. For example, infantry specialists conduct ground combat operations, armored vehicle specialists operate battle tanks and seamanship specialists maintain ships. Combat specialty personnel may maneuver against enemy forces and positions and fire artillery, guns, mortars or missiles to destroy those positions. They may also operate various types of combat vehicles, such as amphibious assault vehicles, tanks, or small boats. Members of elite Special Operations teams are trained to perform specialized missions anywhere in the world on a moment’s notice. Intermediate in sciences as well as in arts is required for to join armed forces i.e. Army, Air Force as well as Navy. Their monthly salary may be 50-60 thousand along with other fringe benefits.
- Construction Personnel
They, in military, build or repair buildings, airfields, bridges and other structures. They work with engineers and other building specialists as part of military construction teams. Some construction personnel specialize in areas such as plumbing, electrical wiring or water purification. Professional degree in engineering & architecting is required. Their monthly salary may be 70-90 thousand along with other fringe benefits.
- Electronic/Electrical Equipment Repair Personnel
They maintain & repair electronic equipment used by the military and specialize in aircraft electrical systems, computers, optical equipment, communications or weapons systems. For example, weapons electronic maintenance technicians maintain and repair electronic components and systems that help locate targets and help aim and fire weapons. Intermediate or bachelor degree in related sciences is required to join military in these occupations. Their monthly salary may be 40-50 thousand along with other fringe benefits.
- Engineering, Science & Technical personnel
They perform a variety of tasks such as operating technical equipment, solving problems and collecting and interpreting information. They typically perform technical tasks in information technology, environmental health & safety or intelligence:
- Environmental health & safety specialists inspect military facilities and food supplies to ensure that they are safe for use. Professional degree in environmental engineering is required to withdraw 70-90 thousand per month salary along with fringe benefits.
- Information technology specialists manage and maintain computer and network systems. Master degree in computer technology is required and their monthly salary is 70-80 thousand along with fringe benefits.
iii. Intelligence specialists gather information and prepare reports for military planning and operations. Master degree in pure sciences or psychology is required for this position. Their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac along with fringe benefits.
- Healthcare Personnel
They provide medical services to military personnel and their family members. They may work as part of a patients’ service team with doctors, nurses or other healthcare professionals. Some specialize in providing emergency medical treatment in combat or remote areas. Others specialize in laboratory testing of tissue and blood samples, maintaining pharmacy supplies or patients’ records, assisting with dental procedures and operating diagnostic tools such as x-ray, ultrasound machines or other healthcare tasks. Professional degree in healthcare (MBBS, Nursing, Pharmacy & Other Paramedics Courses) is required to win these jobs in military. Their monthly salary varies i.e. doctors withdraw 70-90 as well as paramedics withdraw 50-60 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Human Resources Development Personnel
They recruit qualified people into military, prepare them for suitable occupations and provide training programs. They maintain information about military personnel and their training, job assignments, promotions and health. They provide information about military careers, explain pay, benefits & service life and recruit individuals into military. They teach military personnel how to perform their jobs. Master degree in management sciences or arts & humanities or specialized armed courses are required to withdraw 70-80 thousand per month salary along with fringe benefits.
- Machine Operator & Production Personnel
They operate industrial equipment and machinery to fabricate and repair parts for a variety of equipment and structures. They may operate engines, nuclear reactors or water pumps, usually performing a specific job. Welders and metalworkers, for example, work with various types of metals to repair or form the structural parts of ships, buildings or other equipment. Survival equipment specialists inspect, maintain and repair survival equipment, such as parachutes and aircraft life support equipment. They join military after intermediate in science, ICOM or matriculation in science for some courses. Their monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Media & Public Affairs Personnel
They prepare and present information about military activities to the military and the public. They take photographs, make video programs, present news and music programs or conduct interviews. Bachelor degree in mass communication and indoor training along with study courses in military is required and their monthly salary ranges 60-70 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Protective Service Personnel
They enforce military laws & regulations and provide emergency responses to disasters:
- Firefighters prevent and extinguish fires in buildings, on aircraft and aboard ships. They may join after intermediate in sciences and withdraw 40-50 thousand monthly salary along with fringe benefits.
- Military police responsibilities include controlling traffic, preventing crime, and responding to emergencies. They may join after matriculation in sciences and withdraw 40-50 thousand monthly salary along with fringe benefits.
iii. Other law enforcement and security specialists investigate crimes committed on military property and guard inmates in military correctional facilities. Bachelor degree in law or social sciences is required to win this position and their monthly salary ranges 80-90 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Support Service Personnel
They provide services that support the morale and well-being of military personnel and their families:
- Food service specialists prepare food in dining halls, hospitals, and ships. They join military after matriculation in arts and their monthly salary may range 40-50 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Religious program specialists assist chaplains with religious services, religious education programs and related administrative duties. They may join this job after intermediate or bachelor in arts/sciences and withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary along with fringe benefits.
- Transportation & Material-handling Personnel
They transport military personnel and cargo. Most personnel within this occupational group are classified according to the mode of transportation, such as aircraft, motor vehicle or ship:
- Aircrew members operate equipment on aircraft. They may join this occupation after intermediate in sciences and withdraw per month 60-70 thousand rupees along with fringe benefits.
- Cargo specialists load and unload military supplies using forklifts and cranes. They may join this occupation after matriculation and withdraw 40-50 thousand along with fringe benefits.
iii. Quartermasters & boat operators navigate and pilot many types of small watercraft including tugboats, gunboats and barges. They may join this occupation after completing matriculation or intermediate in sciences to withdraw 40-50 thousand monthly salary along with fringe benefits.
- Vehicle drivers operate various military vehicles including fuel or water tank trucks. They may join this job after matriculation and withdraw 40-50 thousand per month salary along with fringe benefits.
- Vehicle & Machinery Mechanical Personnel
They conduct preventive and corrective maintenance on aircraft, automotive and heavy equipment as well as powerhouse station equipment. They typically specialize by the type of equipment that they maintain:
- Aircraft mechanics inspect and service various types of aircraft. They join this occupation after completing intermediate in sciences and withdraw 50-60 thousand per month salary.
- Automotive & heavy equipment mechanics maintain and repair vehicles such as Humvees, trucks, tanks and other combat vehicles. They also repair bulldozers and other construction equipment. They win this job after matriculation and complete training in the military to withdraw 40-50 thousand salary along with fringe benefits.
iii. Heating & cooling mechanics install and repair air-conditioning, refrigeration and heating equipment. They are required to complete matriculation degree along with diploma in refrigeration to join this job. Their monthly salary ranges 50-60 thousand along with fringe benefits.
- Marine engine mechanics repair and maintain engines on ships, boats and watercraft. They may join thin occupation after completing intermediate or matriculation in science and with draw 40-50 thousand monthly salary along with fringe benefits.
- Powerhouse mechanics install, maintain and repair electrical and mechanical equipment in power-generating stations. Associate degree in electronics is required to win this job. Their salary may range 50-60 thousand along with fringe benefits.
(20) Office & Administrative Support Occupations
- Bill & Account Collectors
Bill & account collectors also called collectors try to recover payment on overdue bills. They negotiate repayment plans with debtors and help them find solutions to make paying their overdue bills easier. Higher secondary education is required to join this occupation and their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Bookkeeping, Accounting & Auditing Clerks
Bookkeeping, accounting & auditing clerks produce financial records for organizations. They record financial transactions, update statements and check financial records for accuracy. Bachelor in commerce is required to join this occupation and their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Customer Service Representatives
Customer service representatives manage customer complaints, process orders and provide information about organization’s products and services. Bachelor degree in business administration is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Desktop Publishers
Desktop publishers use computer software to design page layouts for newspapers, books, brochures and other items that are printed or put online. They collect text, graphics and other materials they will need and format them into a finished product. Associate degree in publishing & printing is required to earn 6-8 lac per annum.
- Financial Clerks
Financial clerks perform administrative task for many types of organizations. They keep records, help customers and carry out financial transactions. Bachelor in commerce is required to earn 40-50 thousand per month.
- General Office Clerks
General office clerks perform variety of administrative tasks including answering telephones, typing or word processing, making copies of documents and maintaining records. Higher secondary education or bachelor in arts is required for this job and salary may range 40-50 thousand per month.
- Information Clerks
Information clerks perform routine clerical duties such as maintaining records, collecting data and providing information to customers. Higher secondary education or bachelor in arts is required for this job and their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Material Recording Clerks
Material recording clerks keep track of information in order to keep businesses and supply chains on schedule. They ensure proper scheduling, recordkeeping and inventory control. Higher secondary or bachelor in arts is required to withdraw 30-40 thousand per month.
- Police, Fire & Ambulance Dispatchers
Police, fire & ambulance dispatchers answer emergency and nonemergency calls. Secondary or higher secondary education is required to win this job. Their monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Postal Service Workers
Postal service workers sell postal products and collect, sort and deliver mail. Secondary or higher secondary school education is required for this job. Their monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
Receptionists perform administrative tasks such as answering phones, receiving visitors and providing general information about their organization to the public and customers. Diploma in reception is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Secretaries & Administrative Assistants
Secretaries & administrative assistants perform routine clerical and administrative duties. They organize files, draft messages, schedule appointments and support other staff. Higher secondary education or bachelor degree is required for this job. Their salary ranges 30-40 thousand.
Tellers are responsible for accurately processing routine transactions at a bank. These transactions include cashing checks, depositing money and collecting loan payments. Higher secondary education or bachelor degree is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
(21) Personal Care & Service Occupations
- Animal Care & Service Workers
Animal care & service workers provide care for animals. They feed, water, groom, bathe and exercise pets and other nonfarm animals. Secondary school education is required for this job. Their per annum income may range 4-6 lac rupees.
- Barbers, Hairdressers & Cosmetologists
Barbers, hairdressers & cosmetologists provide hairstyling and beauty services. Secondary education along with certification in hair dressing is required to earn 8-10 lac per annum.
- Childcare Workers
Childcare workers care for children when parents and other family members are unavailable. They care for children’s basic needs such as bathing and feeding. In addition, they help children prepare for kindergarten or help older children with homework. Secondary school education is along with nursing diploma in childcare is required for this occupation and their monthly salary ranges 30-40 thousand.
- Fitness Trainers & Instructors
Fitness trainers & instructors lead, instruct and motivate individuals or groups in exercise activities including cardiovascular exercise (Exercises for Heart & Blood System), strength training and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels. They are quired to complete secondary school education along with supervised training in physical fitness to earn 6-8 lac per annum
- Funeral Service Occupations
Funeral service workers organize and manage the details of the funeral. Fundamental Islamic education is required for these services and their monthly income may range 40-50 thousand.
- Recreation Workers
Recreation workers design and lead leisure activities for groups in agencies or recreation facilities such as playgrounds, parks, camps, aquatic centers, and senior centers. They may lead activities such as arts and crafts, sports, adventure programs, music and camping. Secondary education along with certification in tourism is required for his job and their per annum income ranges 6-8 lac rupees.
- Skincare Specialists
Skincare specialists cleanse and beautify the face and body to enhance a person’s appearance. Higher secondary education along with certification in skincare is required to perform this job. Their monthly income may range 50-60 thousand.
(22) Production Occupations
- Assemblers & Fabricators
Assemblers & fabricators assemble finished products and parts that go into them. They use tools, machines and their hands to make engines, computers, aircraft, ships, boats, toys, electronic devices, control panels, and more. High school education is required for this job and monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Bakers & Confectioners
Bakers & confectioners mix ingredients according to recipes to make breads, pastries and other baked goods. High school education along with certification and training in confectionery & bakery is required to earn monthly 50-60 thousand.
Butchers cut, trim and package meat for retail sale. As such no formal education is required for this occupation however, furnished skills in the working abilities require to earn 50-60 thousand per month.
- Medical Appliance Technicians
Medical appliance technicians construct, fit or repair devices that increase function in the lives of patients. These devices include dentures, eyeglasses and prosthetics. Higher education along with supervised training and certification is required for this job. They may earn 6-8 lac per annum.
- Food Processing Workers
Food processing workers operate equipment that mixes, cooks or processes ingredients used in the manufacturing of food products. High school education along with certification in cooking is required for this job and their monthly salary nay range 30-40 thousand.
- Jewelers & Precious Stone / Metal Workers
Jewelers & precious stone and metal workers design, manufacture and sell jewelry. They also adjust, repair and appraise gems and jewelry. High school education along with advance skills and supervised training is required for this job. Their per annum income may range 10-12 lac rupees.
- Laundry & Dry-cleaning Workers
Laundry & dry-cleaning workers clean clothing, linens, drapes and other articles, using washing, drying and dry-cleaning machines. They also may clean leather, suede, furs and rugs. No formal education is required for this occupation however, furnished skills under supervised training are necessary for this occupation. Their monthly income may range 50-60 thousand.
- Machinists & Tool / Die Makers
Machinists & tool / die makers set up and operate a variety of computer-controlled and mechanically-controlled machine tools to produce precision metal parts, instruments and tools. Supervised training for advance and furnished skills required for this job and their monthly income may range 40-50 thousand.
- Metal & Plastic Machine Workers
Metal & plastic machine workers set up and operate machines that cut, shape and form metal and plastic materials or pieces. Supervised training for furnish skills require for this job and their monthly income may range 30-40 thousand per month.
- Painting & Coating Workers
Painting & coating workers paint and coat a wide range of products, including cars, jewelry and ceramics. Skills in the same in the same occupation are required for this job and their monthly income may range 40-50 thousand.
- Power Plant Operators, Distributors & Dispatchers
Power plant operators, distributors and dispatchers control the systems that generate and distribute electric power. High school education along with certification / diploma in boiler operations is required for this occupation. Their monthly salary ranges 40-50 thousand.
- Printing Workers
Printing workers produce print material in three stages: prepress, press, binding and finishing. They review specifications, calibrate color settings on printers, identify and fix problems with printing equipment and assemble pages. High school education along with certification / diploma printing & press is required for this occupation and their monthly income may range 40-50 thousand.
- Quality Control Inspectors
Quality control inspectors examine products and materials for defects or deviations from specifications. Master in quality management is required for this job and their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Semiconductor Processors
Semiconductor processors oversee the manufacturing of semiconductor devices which are commonly known as integrated circuits or microchips. These microchips are found in all electronic devices including cell phones, cars and laptops and are an important part of modern life. Associate degree in the same field is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators
Stationary engineers & boiler operators control stationary engines, boilers or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or for industrial purposes. They are required to complete to complete associate degree in boiler engineering to earn 50-60 thousand monthly salary.
- Water & Wastewater Treatment Plant / System Operators
Water and wastewater treatment plant / system operators manage system of machines often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or wastewater. Associate degree in the same field is required to win this job and their monthly salary may range 4o-50 thousand.
Welders weld or join metal parts. They also fill holes, indentions or seams of metal products by using hand-held metal joining equipment. Certificate / diploma in welding is required for this job to earn 6-8 lac rupees per annum.
Woodworkers manufacture a variety of products such as cabinets and furniture, using wood, veneers and laminates. They often combine and incorporate different materials into wood. They required to complete supervised training for this job. Their per annum income may range 5-7 lac rupees.
(23) Protective Service Occupations
- Correctional Officers
Correctional officers are responsible for overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are awaiting trial or who have been sentenced to serve time in a jail or prison. Bachelor / master degree in psychology, artificial intelligence or humanities is required to withdraw 60-80 thousand per month salary.
- Fire Inspectors & Investigators
Fire inspectors examine buildings to detect fire hazards and ensure that federal, provincial and local fire codes are met. Fire investigators determine the origin and cause of fires and explosions. Bachelor degree along with diploma in fire extinguish is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 70-80 thousand.
Firefighters control fires and respond to other emergencies including medical emergencies. Secondary school education along with diploma in fire extinguish is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Police & Detectives
Police officers protect the lives and property. Detectives & criminal investigators gather facts and collect evidence of possible crimes. Bachelor degree in arts is required for this job and their monthly salary package may range 60-70 thousand.
- Private Detectives & Investigators
Private detectives & investigators find facts and analyze information about legal, financial and personal matters. They offer the services including verifying people’s backgrounds, finding missing persons and investigating computer crimes. Higher secondary school education is required for this job and their per annum income may range 6-8 lac rupees.
- Security Guards & Gaming Surveillance Officers
Security guards & gaming surveillance officers patrol and protect property against theft, vandalism, terrorism and illegal activity. They are required to complete high school education along with certification training in security to earn 40-50 thousand per month.
(24) Sales Occupations
- Advertising Sales Agents
Advertising sales agents sell advertising space to businesses and individuals. They contact potential clients, make sales presentations and maintain client accounts. High school education along with diploma in advertising is required for this position. Their per annum income may range 6-8 lac rupees.
Cashiers handle payments from customers purchasing goods and services. They are required to complete higher secondary education / post higher secondary education in commerce for this job and their monthly salary may range 30-40 thousand.
- Insurance Sales Agents
Insurance sales agents help insurance companies generate new business by contacting potential customers and selling one or more types of insurance. Insurance sales agents explain various insurance policies and help clients choose plans that suit them.
Models pose for artists, photographers or customers to help advertise a variety of products including clothing, cosmetics, food and appliances. High school education is required to join this occupation and their per annum income may range 10-12 lac rupees.
- Real Estate Brokers & Sales Agents
Real estate brokers & sales agents help clients buy, sell and rent properties. Although brokers & agents do similar work, brokers are licensed to manage their own real estate businesses. Sales agents must work with a real estate broker. High school education along with furnished skills gained through supervised training is required to earn more than 12 lac per annum.
- Retail Sales Workers
Retail sales workers include both those who sell retail merchandise such as clothing, furniture and automobiles and those who sell spare parts and equipment, especially car parts. Both types of workers help customers find the products they want and process customers’ payments. High school education is required to earn 40-60 thousand rupees per month.
- Sales Engineers
Sales engineers sell complex scientific and technological products or services to businesses. They must have extensive knowledge of the products’ parts and functions and must understand the scientific processes that make these products work. Bachelor degree in sales & marketing is required along with training is required for this job and their monthly salary may range 60-80 thousand.
- Securities, Commodities & Financial Services Sales Agents
Securities, commodities & financial services sales agents connect buyers and sellers in financial markets. They sell securities to individuals, advise companies in search of investors and conduct trades. They are required to complete bachelor degree in business administration and per annum income may range 5-7 lac rupees.
- Travel Agents
Travel agents sell transportation, lodging and admission to entertainment activities to individuals and groups planning trips. They offer advice on destinations, plan trip itineraries and make travel arrangements for clients. Higher secondary education along with diploma in tourism is required for this occupation. They may earn 8-10 lac per annum.
- Wholesale & Manufacturing Sales Representatives
Wholesale & manufacturing sales representatives sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses, government agencies and organizations. They contact customers, explain product features, answer any questions that their customers may have and negotiate prices. Bachelor degree in business development is required for this job and their per annum income may be up to 10 lac rupees.
(25) Transportation & Material Moving Occupations
- Air Traffic Controllers
Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of air traffic to ensure that aircraft stay safe distances apart. Master degree in aviation, avionics or physics along with supervised training is required for this job. Their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees.
- Airline & Commercial Pilots
Airline & commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes, helicopters and other aircraft. Airline pilots fly for airlines that transport people and cargo on a fixed schedule. Commercial pilots fly aircraft for other reasons such as charter flights, rescue operations, firefighting, aerial photography and aerial application also known as crop dusting. Master degree in avionic sciences along with license issue from state authority are mandatory for this job. Their salary may be up to 2 lac rupees along with benefits.
- Bus Drivers
Bus drivers transport people including work, school and shopping malls and across state or national borders. Some drive regular routes and others transport passengers on chartered trips or sightseeing tours. High school education along with state license is mandatory for this occupation. Their monthly salary including benefits may range 50-60 thousand.
- Delivery Truck Drivers/Sales Workers
Delivery truck drivers/sales workers pick up, transport and drop off packages and small shipments within a local region or urban area. They drive trucks with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) and the combined weight of the vehicle, passengers and cargo. Most of the time, delivery truck drivers transport merchandise from a distribution center to businesses and households. High school education along with state license is mandatory for this job and their monthly salary may range 50-60 thousand.
- Flight Attendants
Flight attendants provide personal services to ensure the safety and comfort of airline passengers. Bachelor degree in English or international language is required along with supervised training from state authority is required for this job. Their monthly salary may be up to 1 lac rupees along with fringe benefits.
- Heavy & Tractor-trailer Truck Drivers
Heavy & tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers are long-haul drivers and operate trucks whose gross vehicle weight (GVW) capacity that is, the combined weight of the vehicle, passengers and cargo. These drivers deliver goods over intercity routes, sometimes spanning several states. High school education along with state license is mandatory for this occupation. Their monthly salary including benefits may range 50-60 thousand.
- Material Moving Machine Operators
Material moving machine operators use machinery to transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or the land around a mine. Others move goods around a warehouse or onto container ships. High school education along with state license is mandatory for this occupation. Their monthly salary including benefits may range more than 50-60 thousand.
- Railroad Occupations
Workers in railroad occupations ensure that passenger and freight trains run on time and travel safely. Some workers drive trains, some coordinate the activities of the trains while others operate signals and switches in the rail yard. Higher secondary school education along with state license is mandatory for this occupation. Their monthly salary including benefits may range 50-60 thousand.
- Taxi Drivers
Taxi drivers drive people to and from the places they need to go such as airports, homes, shopping centers and workplaces. They must know their way around a city in order to take both residents and visitors to their destinations. High school education along with state license is mandatory for this occupation. Their per annum income may range more than 8-10 lac.
- Water Transportation Occupations
Workers in water transportation occupations operate and maintain vessels that take cargo and people over water. These vessels travel to and from foreign ports across the ocean to domestic ports along the coasts across the Great Lakes and along the country’s many inland waterways. Bachelor degree in pure sciences is required to join this occupations and their monthly salary may range 70-90 thousand along with benefits.
Job shadowing is a process which enables students to learn about hands-on knowledge and required practical skills about available professions, occupations and jobs i.e. careers. Students can take deep insight and practical information about any career (Profession, Occupation & Job) through job shadowing. Job shadowing is indeed work shadowing that is an effective technique to learning about jobs as well as required educational credentials, skills, attitudinal disposition, organizational behaviors and competencies for specific job(s). It also leads toward internship experiences, working abilities, management & leadership skills as well as career development process. Job shadowing involves cyber shadowing, interviewing or volunteer working with employer/employee who has job in-hand or hands-on experience to teach and empower student(s). Students have been using job shadowing as an effective tool for career development. Some immediate and baseline benefits of job shadowing are as under:
It is students’ planning to take up and shadow different roles in some organization for couple of day(s) to month(s) for getting a better idea of his/her role as well as understand the particulars of the specific job without the commitment of responsibility. This enables the students to be more confident, aware and better prepared to take up the role of a responsible professional. For the organization, it reduces failure and the time required for students to be fully productive.
With multiple options available for students to grow in an organization, job shadowing helps the students to get a better sense of options available and the required competencies. Students can shadow senior employees placed on various positions/functions to appreciate and get a better idea about what it takes to build a career there.
At the core of job shadowing is beauty to transmit knowledge, skills and expertise to new students. By doing a planned work, job shadowing can support knowledge management and ensuring professional expertise.
Developmental organizations use job shadowing as a tool for new human resource management and leadership development. Aspiring leaders are provided with opportunities to shadow senior leaders to learn from them. It complements classroom learning and aspiring leaders to get firsthand experience what it takes to be a leader.
Hence, job shadowing helps in exploring opportunities, networking, collaboration and giving/receiving feedback with various departments for students to learn and exchange ideas.
Job Shadowing Sectors in Pakistan
Students should conduct job shadowing activities to obtain practical experience of the job of your interest. Job shadowing can be done at following departments after getting permission from the relevant authority:
- Hotels and Restaurants: Manager, Chef, Waiter.
- Courts: Judge, Lawyer, Public Prosecutor, Solicitor, Reader.
- Colleges and Universities: Principal, Professor, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, Lecturer, Subject Specialist, Librarian, IT Lab In-charge, Scientific Lab in-charge, Office Management Staff.
- Hospitals: Medical Superintendent, Surgeon, Physician, Ophthalmologist, Psychologist, Physiotherapist, Nurse, Male Nurse, Medical Lab Technician, Operation Theatre Technician, MRI Technician, Blood Transfusion Technician, Speech Therapist, Pharmacist, Dispenser, ECG Technician.
- Air Port: Custom Officer, Air Pilot, Radar Management Officer, Air Hostess, Air Port Police.
- Media House: Anchor, News Reporter, News Caster, Editor.
- Railway Offices: Train Driver, Train Inspector, Station Master, Office Management Staff.
- Primary Schools: School Principal, Science Teacher, Arts Teacher, Physical Teacher, Fine Art Teacher, Choreographer.
- Parliament House: Speaker, Deputy Speaker, Member of Parliament.
- Production House: Director, Actor, Dialogue Writer, Script Writer, Producer, Musician, Cameraman, Dresser, Hair Dresser.
- General Post Offices: Post Master, Dispatch Man, Office Management Staff.
- Operation Theatre: Anesthesiologist, Operation Theater Technician, Operation Theater Nurse.
- Chemical Industries: Chemical Engineer, Boiler Engineer, Mechanical Staff.
- Medical Universities: Rector, Dean, Teaching Staff, Lab Staff, Library Staff, Career Development & Placement Staff.
- Navy Selection Centers: Psychologist (Captain), Science Teachers, Computer Instructor, Pak Studies Teacher, Naval Cadet, Sailor, Upper division Clerk, Lower Division Clerk, Civilian.
- Army Selection Centers: Psychologist (Captain), Geography Teacher, Science Teacher, Computer Instructor, Pak Studies Teacher, Lieutenant, Technical Cadet Course, Soldier, Army Police, Artillery.
- Engineering Universities: Rector, Dean, Teaching Staff, Lab In-charge, Library Staff, Career Development & Placement Staff.
- Police Selection Centers: Inspector, Sub-inspector, Assistant Sub-inspector, Constable.
- Secondary/High Schools: School Principal, Science Teacher, Arts Teacher, Physical Teacher, School/Student Counselor, Lab In-charge, Librarian.
- Higher Secondary Schools: School Principal, Science Teacher, Arts Teacher, Physical Teacher, School/Student Counselor, Lab In-charge, Librarian, Computer Teacher.
- Elementary/Middle schools: School Principal, Science Teacher, Arts Teacher, Physical Teacher, School/Student Counselor, Lab In-charge, Librarian, Computer Teacher.
- Machines Producing Industries: Mechanical Engineer, Organ Welder, Electrical Engineer.
- Medicine Producing Industries: Drug Inspector, Pharmacist, Medical Officer.
- Pak Air Force Selection Centers: Psychologist (Captain), Radar Management Staff, General Duty Pilot, Pilot Officer, Aeronautical Officer, Air Defense Officer, Computer Instructor.
- Mainstream Education Universities: All Teaching Departments of University, All Non-teaching Departments.
Process of Job shadowing
Before students proceed for job shadowing, they should look into resources in their area for this activity. The necessary steps to complete the meaningful job shadowing are as under:
Whom Student Should Shadow
For students, it is suitable to shadow personality/employee recently graduate or someone who has same major, experienced employee or retired personal. Once you have located someone to shadow, write a letter or send an email for sparing leading time in advance when you intend to shadow. Follow up with a phone call about a week later and be prepared to be flexible. The person you are shadowing is probably a busy professional who is going out of his/her way to accommodate you for the time you are asking for. It is nice to invite your professional for lunch on the day you are shadowing. Your best achievement will come from shadowing by finding out enough about company, human resource structure and career development opportunities in company.
Getting the Most Experience out of Job Shadowing
Dress as you would do for job interview with company. Arrive well before defined time, be polite, courteous and enthusiastic. Do not be afraid to ask questions, but do not bombard with so many questions.
Note down the technology and tools used in performing job. Observe the surroundings in professional’s office and determine how much environment reflects the professional’s personality and how much is related to the job function. Notice how people dress and how casual or formal the atmosphere is. Determine whether employees seem happy or fizzy, fresh or stressed or friendly or morose. Note whether employees stay late or rush at quitting time. Notice the communication at workplace. Is communication done by email? Do co-workers frequently communicate with professional by dropping his/her workspace? Is communication primarily phone oriented? What is level of formality in professional’s phone conversations? Is there gossip around workplace?
For nitty-gritty study, consider asking to see documents like: company’s organizational chart, job description (JDs) of your professional’s position, samples of your professional’s work products and performance review form to get an idea of how employees are evaluated. If you have good rapport with professional you are shadowing, consider asking for resume critique. Remember that the professional you are shadowing is valuable member of your network, ask for visiting card when you leave and ask if the professional knows others in similar jobs that you may shadow. Also ask if you can stay in touch.
After Job Shadowing Experience
Be sure to write a thanking letter to the professional/company you shadowed, because they provided the significant time and energy to you and it is just common courtesy to say thank you.
Finally, you will summarize your experiences of shadowing, share findings and your career path in light of these experiences.
Advantages of Job Shadowing
One of the best ways that students gain exposure to employment is job shadowing where students observe daily work activities in field of their choice. Students get following benefits through job shadowing.
Job shadowing upgrades your knowledge and skills to achieve your career goals and objectives faster with positive attitude.
Molding Future Talent
Job shadowing provides real world experience how job is performed which gives the students opportunities to learn new skills and approaches to getting enter in professional life. Topics such as business ethics, customer service and quality control can all be learnt.
Measure Current Educational and Occupational Trends
Shadowing explores to students what new educational and occupational ideas and venues are being introduced to determine work force.
Teaching and Training Methods
Students get comprehension to real world requirements. Shadowing gives students a good opportunity to evaluate their learning, knowledge, skills, competencies and capacity to be more productive and effective.
Students interested to explore fundamental skills required for specific field of work. Shadowing performs basic daily job functions and free up experienced employees to work towards achieving goals. For example, a lawyer can have job shadowing to fill in proceeding information forms which free up experienced lawyers to perform the skilled drawing work.
Valuable Insight for Decision-making
By observing how employee interacts with co-workers, participate in activities that he/she faces every day and seeing what it takes to “be that employee”, students gain insight whether that position is something students want to pursue. Students who participate in shadowing are able to receive a first-hand look at workplace in a career of their choice and make valuable professional networking contacts.
The students feel intimidated about performing tasks for first time; job shadowing allows them to have some background into the workings of position.
Building Rapport with Employers
Exposure to industry helps students to identify best practices for position in the professions. Job shadowing integrates students into the working team more quickly.
The job shadowing experience benefits the students to decide whether a position they are considering is one they can see enjoying for career.
Practical Learning Outcomes (PLOs) of Job Shadowing
After successful job shadowing, students will be able:
- Choose career path pertaining to specific academic major.
- Enlist the professional experience obtained during job shadowing.
- Establish network to improve future employment prospects.
- Establish an appropriate timeline for internship and job securing.
- Connect with particular professionals or occupation.
- Develop skills by participating in professional activities.
- Increase knowledge of industrial trends.